Dawson, New Mexico is a ghost town in the northeast corner of the state. Like so many abandoned places, it was a mining town whose fortunes rose and fell with the mine itself.
But this isn’t just any old ghost town. No, this one is special, with a unique family connection so that I had to visit it. You see, for a brief moment in time, my grandpa owned the old Dawson Hotel.
Dawson back in the heyday
Back in the early 1900s, Dawson New Mexico was a booming coal mining town. The population grew as high as 9,000 people. There were houses, churches, schools, a hotel, a hospital, and even an opera. The mining company owned it all – a true company town.
The company store “Phelps Dodge Mercantile” was an enormous 3-story department store, that reminded me of the old song “I owe my soul to the company store”. Living this far from other towns or cities where you could buy things, people would have to rely on the company store for everything from food to furniture.
But there were problems. Life as a coal miner was dangerous, and the mine suffered two major disasters. The first killed over 200 miners. A few years later, another killed over 100. What huge blows these would have been to the community!
The town carried on though, until the coal mining was no longer profitable, then the mine and the town shut down. All the people left, and the company decided to sell the buildings and get what they could.
My ghost town connection
In the early 1950s, the mining town of Dawson was up for sale. My grandfather bought the hotel, and his best friend, an adventurer named Gene Prather, bought the hospital.
They loaded up some trucks in Texas with various friends and family members, and headed up to Dawson to get their buildings.
My dad was a kid at the time, and he remembers it well. Here’s his version of the story (so when he uses the phrase “my dad” in this tale, it’s MY grandfather):
As I recall, it was late fall, the elevation was above 6,000 ft and it got COLD at night. All of the houses in town were simply abandoned, so we had our choice of residences while the work progressed.
No-one had any experience in dismantling multi-story buildings, but my dad figured to make a profit off the furnishings, etc. Of course, by the time we got there, various vandals and cannibals had already made off with most of the stuff that had supposed value — the telephones, radiators, the best furniture, the x-ray machine from the hospital, etc. But the buildings remained, and they were disassembled board by board and the stuff was all hauled back to Tulia, TX.
In addition to saving any reusable lumber, the wrecking crew also saved any larger nails that happened to come out straight. And the hotel had, of course, wonderful hardwood (probably oak) floors. As the crew tried to take these up, the wood splintered and became unusable. Some wise man advised my dad that some evening before they stopped working they should pour buckets of water over the floor. The next morning, the wood had swollen so much that the nail heads were popped loose and came out easily.
At the time, we lived in a nice house on Gaines. But my dad used the materials from Dawson to build a new house for us at 17 Norfleet Drive. That hardwood flooring from the hotel was used in our new house. Aside from some fleeting occasional help, I believe he did everything himself.
Prather ended up in Brazil, occasionally dropping by with cases of aquamarines and emeralds…”
Is that cool or what? I just had to go visit Dawson, and see where this all took place.
There’s not much left now, but I could imagine the town full of people, and the old hotel back when it was in business. Probably all the important mine officials and opera singers who came to Dawson stayed there. Then my relatives took it apart, and hauled all those boards and nails back to Texas, where my grandfather reincarnated it as their new family home.
It’s quite a thought!
Dawson, New Mexico today
There’s nothing left of Dawson today except the cemetery. It’s a quiet, lonely place, at the base of some dusty windswept hills. When I visited, it was sunny, dry and hot, with grasshoppers flinging themselves out of the way every step I took.
You drive right up to a big white gate that says “Dawson”, and behind that lies the cemetery. The first impression is of an organized graveyard with rows of white crosses. These are the markers put up by the company for the hundreds of miners killed in the two major disasters.
After this, you see the other, non-matching grave markers spread out across the field. Many of these haven’t lasted very well, but some were built to survive the years and the weather. The overall impression is of a forgotten place.
People lived, loved, laughed and died here. Now it’s just dust, wind, and crosses.
As for the hotel my grandpa bought? I don’t know if the family home he built out of it in Tulia, TX is still standing or not. Perhaps it’s been reincarnated again…
Dawson – Ghost town
Unofficial campsite. I camped right outside the cemetery gate. There’s no water, no facilities, and no cell service. No people either, just ghosts! 😉
Rating: 2 ** for atmosphere
Altitude: 6,338 ft
GPS: 36.65505, -104.76959
I love ghost towns, with all their history, mystery and atmosphere. I like to imagine what they looked like back in the day, and what life must have been like for the people there. Do you have any favorite ghost towns? I’d love to hear about them in the Reply section below. Thanks for sharing!
PHOTO CREDITS: Dawson Historical Society, Deanna Keahey